Archive for the ‘History’ Category

The Middle East

Territories of the Middle East form the region, where the earliest civilizations have been developing. In 100 century BC the groups of ancient farmers and hunters lived around the areas from Persian Gulf to the eastern coasts of the Mediterranean Sea and Egypt.  Soon, these settlements formed the most advanced early human civilizations: the Shumarians, the Assirians, the Babylonians, and later on the Persian Empire of Achaemenids and the Seleucid State.By the first centuries of our era, the majority of the Middle East territories were taken under control of growing Roman Empire. This resulted in introducing Christianity and foundation of Constantinople (modern Istanbul) as one of the most principal and developing cities of the region. Constantinople became a capital of powerful Greco-Roman Byzantine Empire, which dominated at the areas from Egypt to Syria and became advanced trade and cultural center of the world. The other parts of the Middle East region included Mesopotamia and Persian Empires.
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The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

Almost since the very beginning of the World War II, Poland went completely under control of German Army. About 3 millions of Jewish people were collected in this country in special ghettos and concentration camps, located all around the territory. The Warsaw Ghetto was established in 1940 and became the largest and the most crowded ghetto, which held from 380,000 up to 450,000 Jewish prisoners. Thousands of people died there much before the uprising, mostly from hunger and different diseases. In 1942 Hitler ordered to begin deportation of ghetto residents in order to liquidate such camps. Till September 1942 about 300,000 Jewish people were transported to another death camp in Treblinka, where the soldiers murdered all the prisoners. Therefore, only about 55,000 – 60,000 people left in the Warsaw Ghetto, and in January 1943 this amount decreased down to 37,000 of exhausted and hardly alive people. Read more on The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising…

The Tangshan Earthquake

The Tangshan EarthquakeOn July 28, 1976, a 7.8 magnitude earthquake (other sources estimate the magnitude as high as 8.2-8.3 on the Richter scale) occurred in the People’s Republic of China, with the epicenter near Tangshan, the Hebei Province. The earthquake struck at 3:42 a.m. and lasted for 10-14 seconds resulting in an extensive 6-mile-long fault in the center of Tangshan city. The tremors could be felt in Beijing (87 miles away to the west) and in the Shaanxi province (470 miles away to the south-west). The following aftershocks, including a 7.1 magnitude one 16 hours after the main strike, caused more damage and victims.

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The Mayflower Compact

The Mayflower Compact is known as a historic agreement created and signed by the new Settlers (the Pilgrims). In the end of 1620, over a hundred of the Pilgrims crossed the Atlantic on the ship Mayflower and arrived to the New World near Cape Cod, the coast of Massachusetts. They established a new colony there and, knowing that earlier settlements failed because of the absence of proper government and strong leadership, they signed the Mayflower Compact. Formally, this agreement was setting up the government of the colony and, by signing this document, the settlers declared their willingness to abide the rules and laws established by the government for the sake of survival of the colony.

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